TechieClues TechieClues
Updated date Apr 05, 2023
This article provides an in-depth guide to using IEnumerable in C#, including its definition, advantages, and usage in LINQ. Sample code with output is also included to illustrate how to use IEnumerable in C# and iterate through collections efficiently.
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Introduction:

In C#, IEnumerable is an interface that is used to iterate through collections. It is one of the most commonly used interfaces in C# and is used in LINQ (Language Integrated Query) extensively. In this article, we will discuss IEnumerable in detail and its usage in C#.

What is IEnumerable?

IEnumerable is an interface in C# that is used to represent a collection of objects that can be iterated over. It defines a single method, GetEnumerator(), which returns an IEnumerator object. The IEnumerator object is used to iterate through the collection.

The following code shows the definition of the IEnumerable interface:

public interface IEnumerable
{
    IEnumerator GetEnumerator();
}

As you can see, the interface only defines a single method, GetEnumerator(). This method returns an IEnumerator object that can be used to iterate through the collection.

What is IEnumerator?

IEnumerator is an interface in C# that is used to iterate through a collection. It defines three methods:

public interface IEnumerator
{
    object Current { get; }
    bool MoveNext();
    void Reset();
}

The Current property returns the current element in the collection. The MoveNext() method is used to move to the next element in the collection. The Reset() method is used to reset the enumerator to its initial state.

The following code shows an example of how to use IEnumerator:

int[] numbers = { 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 };

IEnumerator enumerator = numbers.GetEnumerator();

while (enumerator.MoveNext())
{
    int number = (int)enumerator.Current;
    Console.WriteLine(number);
}

In the above example, we create an array of integers and then create an IEnumerator object for the array. We then use a while loop to iterate through the array using the MoveNext() method of the IEnumerator object. We then get the current element of the array using the Current property of the IEnumerator object.

Usage of IEnumerable in C#:

IEnumerable is used extensively in LINQ (Language Integrated Query) in C#. LINQ is a feature of C# that allows you to query data in collections using a syntax that is similar to SQL.

The following code shows an example of how to use LINQ with IEnumerable:

int[] numbers = { 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 };

IEnumerable<int> result = from number in numbers
                          where number % 2 == 0
                          select number;

foreach (int number in result)
{
    Console.WriteLine(number);
}

In the above example, we create an array of integers and then use LINQ to query the even numbers in the array. We use the where keyword to filter the even numbers and the select keyword to select the even numbers. We then iterate through the result using a for-each loop.

Advantages of using IEnumerable:

There are several advantages to using IEnumerable in C#. One of the main advantages is that it allows you to iterate through collections in a simple and efficient manner. It also allows you to use LINQ to query data in collections in a syntax that is similar to SQL.

Another advantage of using IEnumerable is that it is a part of the .NET framework, which means that it is widely supported and has been extensively tested.

The following code shows an example of how to use IEnumerable in C#:

using System;
using System.Collections;

class Program
{
    static void Main(string[] args)
    {
        int[] numbers = { 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 };

        IEnumerable enumerable = numbers;

        IEnumerator enumerator = enumerable.GetEnumerator();

        while (enumerator.MoveNext())
        {
            int number = (int)enumerator.Current;
            Console.WriteLine(number);
        }

        Console.ReadLine();
    }
}

Output:

1
2
3
4
5

In the above example, we create an array of integers and then create an IEnumerable object for the array. We then create an IEnumerator object for the IEnumerable object using the GetEnumerator() method. We then use a while loop to iterate through the array using the MoveNext() method of the IEnumerator object. We then get the current element of the array using the Current property of the IEnumerator object.

Conclusion:

In this article, we discussed IEnumerable in detail and its usage in C#. We also discussed IEnumerator and its methods. We saw an example of how to use IEnumerable with LINQ and the advantages of using IEnumerable in C#. We also saw an example of how to use IEnumerable in C# and its output. IEnumerable is a powerful interface in C# that is widely used and provides a simple and efficient way to iterate through collections.

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