TechieClues TechieClues
Updated date Jan 25, 2024
This article explores the essential elements of accessibility testing in today's digital landscape. From defining needs to hands-on exploratory testing, discover the key steps for creating inclusive digital experiences.


In today’s highly digitalized era, accessibility testing has gained undeniable prominence when it comes to software development. Typically, it ensures that every digital product or service is inclusive and usable by people of all abilities.

This form of testing goes far beyond traditional quality assurance techniques to make programs and web pages accessible to people with impairments. This article looks at the important phases for achieving compliance and inclusion in accessibility testing, with a focus on the vitality of exploratory testing.

An Overview of Accessibility Testing:

The process of reviewing a digital product or service to further verify that it is accessible by people with disabilities, such as those with visual, auditory, motor, and cognitive impairments, is briefly known as accessibility testing. It significantly tries to eliminate any impediments to users accessing information or functionality on a particular website or application. That being said, compliance with accessibility standards, such as the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG), is highly critical for meeting legal obligations while also ensuring a great user experience for everybody.

Vital Steps in Accessibility Testing:

  • Establish Accessibility Needs: The very first step in achieving accessibility is to ideally define your specific needs explicitly. Understanding the intended audience, identifying probable limitations, and further developing rules based on accessibility standards such as WCAG are all important steps. These standards will serve as the basis for testing and will aid in the creation of a more inclusive digital experience.
  • Perform Automated Testing: Next, note that automated testing tools are essential for finding typical accessibility problems. These tools may scan websites or apps rapidly for possible issues and offer a preliminary review. While automated testing is useful, it is important to realize that it cannot detect all accessibility concerns. As a result, it should be supplemented by manual testing.
  • Perform Manual Testing: Manual testing is an important element of accessibility testing because it enables testers to detect flaws that automated technologies may ignore. Testers may imitate the experience of disabled users by navigating through the program and ensuring that all parts are accessible. Manual testing is beneficial for assessing complicated interactions and dynamic material.
  • Participate in Exploratory Testing: Exploratory testing is a hands-on way to identify possible accessibility concerns. This approach is very useful for discovering usability issues that people with impairments confront. During exploratory testing, for example, testers might check the application's accessibility using screen readers, keyboard-only navigation, and voice recognition software. This method gives useful insights into the user experience and aids in resolving difficulties that may develop during real use.
  • Assess Color Contrast and Text Readability: Color contrast and text readability should be evaluated: Visual impairments may have a major influence on a user's ability to comprehend material. Color contrast and text readability must be evaluated to ensure that visually impaired visitors can readily discern between items on a website. Following WCAG criteria for color contrast ratios and font sizes is critical for making information accessible to a wider audience.
  • Keyboard Navigation: Many people with motor limitations prefer keyboard navigation to mouse navigation. The usage of a keyboard to test the application's operation guarantees that users can traverse the UI, interact with form fields, and access all functions. This step is especially crucial for meeting accessibility requirements and ultimately delivering an inclusive experience for people with motor impairments.
  • Validate Multimedia material: Apart from the above-mentioned steps, note that multimedia material, such as photos, videos, and music, might be rather difficult to access for people with impairments. It is thus vital for accessibility to provide substitute text for photos, captions for videos, and transcripts for audio information. Simultaneously, users with visual or hearing impairments should be able to easily interpret the information offered if these features are correctly incorporated.
  • Implement ARIA Roles: Additionally, ARIA roles significantly improve the accessibility of dynamic online content by typically giving more information to assistive technology. Testers should therefore check that ARIA roles are correctly implemented to ultimately guarantee that users with disabilities may browse and interact with complicated web applications with ease.
  • Cross-Browser and Cross-Device Testing: Accessibility should be consistent across different browsers and devices. Testing across several platforms guarantees that users with disabilities have a consistent experience regardless of the technology used to access the digital product. Cross-browser and cross-device testing also aid in the identification of any compatibility problems that may impede accessibility.


In today's digital world, accessibility testing not just comes as a legal duty, but is also a moral responsibility. Therefore, following the above-mentioned steps allows software development teams to produce digital products and services that are not just accessible but also truly inclusive. Exploratory testing, in this context, is indispensable for finding even the most minor flaws and guaranteeing a user-friendly experience for people of varying abilities.



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