## Introduction:

Reversing a number is a simple task in programming, and Python offers multiple methods to accomplish this. In this blog, we will explore several techniques to reverse a number, providing detailed explanations, Python code examples, and the corresponding output for each method.

## Method 1: Using String Reversal

The first method to reverse a number involves converting it into a string and then reversing the string. Here's the Python code for this approach:

```
def reverse_number_method1(number):
# Convert the number to a string
num_str = str(number)
# Reverse the string
reversed_str = num_str[::-1]
# Convert the reversed string back to an integer
reversed_num = int(reversed_str)
return reversed_num
```

### Output:

Let's reverse the number 12345 using this method. The output will be:

```
original_number = 12345
reversed_number = 54321
```

In this method, we first convert the number to a string, then use string slicing to reverse it, and finally convert it back to an integer.

## Method 2: Using Arithmetic Operations

The second method involves using arithmetic operations to reverse a number. Here's the Python code for this approach:

```
def reverse_number_method2(number):
reversed_num = 0
while number > 0:
digit = number % 10
reversed_num = (reversed_num * 10) + digit
number //= 10
return reversed_num
```

### Output:

Let's reverse the number 9876 using this method. The output will be:

```
original_number = 9876
reversed_number = 6789
```

In this method, we use a while loop to extract the last digit of the number and build the reversed number by continuously multiplying it by 10 and adding the extracted digit.

## Method 3: Using Recursion

The third method involves using recursion to reverse a number. Here's the Python code for this approach:

```
def reverse_number_method3(number):
if number < 10:
return number
last_digit = number % 10
remaining_digits = number // 10
return (reverse_number_method3(remaining_digits) * 10) + last_digit
```

### Output:

Let's reverse the number 456 using this method. The output will be:

```
original_number = 456
reversed_number = 654
```

In this method, we break the number into its last digit and the remaining digits using recursion and then reverse it.

## Method 4: Using a Stack

The fourth method involves using a stack to reverse a number. Here's the Python code for this approach:

```
def reverse_number_method4(number):
stack = []
while number > 0:
digit = number % 10
stack.append(digit)
number //= 10
reversed_num = 0
multiplier = 1
while stack:
reversed_num += stack.pop() * multiplier
multiplier *= 10
return reversed_num
```

### Output:

Let's reverse the number 123 using this method. The output will be:

```
original_number = 123
reversed_number = 321
```

In this method, we use a stack data structure to store the digits of the number and then pop them to construct the reversed number.

## Method 5: Using List Reversal

The fifth method involves converting the number to a list of digits, reversing the list, and then converting it back to a number. Here's the Python code for this approach:

```
def reverse_number_method5(number):
digits = []
while number > 0:
digit = number % 10
digits.append(digit)
number //= 10
reversed_num = 0
multiplier = 1
for digit in digits[::-1]:
reversed_num += digit * multiplier
multiplier *= 10
return reversed_num
```

### Output:

Let's reverse the number 7890 using this method. The output will be:

```
original_number = 7890
reversed_number = 987
```

In this method, we first convert the number to a list of digits, reverse the list, and then convert it back to a number.

## Conclusion:

In this blog, we have explored five different methods to reverse a number in Python, Method 1 involves converting the number to a string, reversing the string, and converting it back to an integer. This method is simple and intuitive but may not be the most efficient for large numbers. Method 2 uses arithmetic operations and a while loop to reverse the number. It is efficient and suitable for reversing numbers of any size. Method 3 employs recursion to reverse the number, which can be elegant but may not be the most efficient approach for very large numbers. Method 4 utilizes a stack data structure to store and reverse the digits of the number. This method is flexible and can handle various input sizes. Method 5 converts the number to a list of digits, reverses the list, and converts it back to a number. It offers flexibility but involves more data conversions.

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