How Do I Undo the Recent Local Commits in Git?

  • May 26, 2023
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How do I undo the recent local commits in Git?

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To undo the recent local commits in Git, you can use the following steps:

  1. Open your Git repository in a terminal or command prompt.
  2. Verify the status of your branch and the commits you want to undo by running the command git log. This will display the commit history.
  3. Identify the number of commits you want to undo. Take note of the commit hashes or the number of commits to revert.
  4. Use the command git reset HEAD~n, replacing "n" with the number of commits you want to undo. This will move the branch pointer to the specified commit, effectively removing the recent commits from the branch's history.
  5. Optionally, if you want to preserve the changes made in the undone commits, you can use git stash before the reset command. This will temporarily store the changes so that you can reapply them later if needed.
  6. If you want to completely remove the undone commits and lose their changes, you can use git reset --hard HEAD~n instead of git reset HEAD~n. This will discard the commits and all changes associated with them.
  7. Verify that the local commits have been undone by running git log again and confirming that the commits no longer appear in the history.

It's important to note that when you undo commits, they are removed from the branch's history. If the commits have been pushed to a remote repository, you will need to force push the changes using git push --force to update the remote branch with the undone commits removed. However, be cautious when force pushing as it can affect other collaborators or branches that might be based on the previous commits.

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