TechieClues TechieClues
Updated date Aug 22, 2023
In this article, we will learn how to configure and use logging in ASP.NET Core, including an overview of logging middleware, step-by-step program setup, sample output, and an explanation of log message format. Discover how logging can help monitor and troubleshoot ASP.NET Core web applications for improved robustness and maintainability.


Logging is a critical aspect of software development as it helps developers capture information about the behavior of an application during runtime, making it easier to identify and resolve issues. In ASP.NET Core, a popular cross-platform web framework developed by Microsoft, logging is an essential feature that enables developers to monitor the health and performance of their applications. This article provides a comprehensive guide to logging in to ASP.NET Core, including an overview, program, output, explanation, and conclusion.

Logging in ASP.NET Core:

ASP.NET Core provides built-in logging middleware that allows developers to capture log messages from various parts of their applications and route them to different logging providers, such as the console, file system, or a third-party service like Serilog or NLog. Here's an example of how you can configure logging in to an ASP.NET Core application:

1. Add the required NuGet packages:

First, you need to add the following NuGet packages to your ASP.NET Core project:


2. Configure logging in Program.cs:

Next, you can configure logging in the Program.cs file, which is the entry point of an ASP.NET Core application. You can use the CreateDefaultBuilder method provided by WebHost to configure logging to the console output as shown below:

using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Hosting;
using Microsoft.Extensions.Hosting;
using Microsoft.Extensions.Logging;

namespace LoggingExample
    public class Program
        public static void Main(string[] args)

        public static IHostBuilder CreateHostBuilder(string[] args) =>
                .ConfigureLogging(logging =>
                .ConfigureWebHostDefaults(webBuilder =>

In the above code, the ConfigureLogging method is used to configure logging. The ClearProviders method removes any existing logging providers and the AddConsole method adds the console as a logging provider.

3. Use logging into your application:

Once logging is configured, you can use the ILogger interface provided by ASP.NET Core to log messages from different parts of your application. You can inject ILogger into your controllers, services, or other components, and use its methods, such as LogInformation, LogWarning, and LogError, to log messages with different log levels. Here's an example of how you can use logging into a controller:

using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc;
using Microsoft.Extensions.Logging;

namespace LoggingExample.Controllers
    public class HomeController : Controller
        private readonly ILogger<HomeController> _logger;

        public HomeController(ILogger<HomeController> logger)
            _logger = logger;

        public IActionResult Index()
            _logger.LogInformation("Hello from Index action method!");
            return View();


By default, logging messages in ASP.NET Core are logged to the console output. When you run your ASP.NET Core application and access the Index action method in the above example, you will see the following log message in the console:

info: LoggingExample.Controllers.HomeController[0]
      Hello from Index action method!

Let's break down the code and understand how logging works in ASP.NET Core:

  1. Configuration: In the Program.cs file, we use the ConfigureLogging method to configure logging. We clear any existing logging providers using the ClearProviders method and then add the console as a logging provider using the AddConsole method
  2. Logging in Controllers: In the HomeController class, we inject an instance of ILogger<HomeController> into the constructor using dependency injection. This allows us to use logging into our controller by calling methods on the _logger instance, such as LogInformation, LogWarning, and LogError, to log messages with different log levels. In the Index action method, we log an information-level message using _logger.LogInformation method.

  3. Log Message Format: The log message generated by ASP.NET Core includes several components. The log level (info in this case) indicates the severity of the log message. The category (LoggingExample.Controllers.HomeController[0] in this case) represents the source of the log message, which includes the namespace and class name of the component that generated the log message. The log message (Hello from Index action method! in this case) is the actual message logged.


Logging is an essential aspect of any software application, including ASP.NET Core web applications. ASP.NET Core provides built-in logging middleware and a flexible logging infrastructure that allows developers to easily configure and use logging in their applications.

In this article, we covered an overview of logging in ASP.NET Core, how to configure logging in Program.cs, how to use logging-in controllers, the output of log messages, and an explanation of the log message format. Logging is a powerful tool for monitoring and troubleshooting applications, and understanding how to configure and use logging in ASP.NET Core can greatly help in building robust and maintainable web applications.



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